INDIAN TOLL MOUNTS
1. High Systolic Blood Pressure 106.7 %
2. High Total Cholesterol 126.9 %
3. High Body Mass Index 98 %
4. Alcohol Use 97 %
5. High Fasting Blood Glucose 86.1 %
‘Study which seeks to assess the global disease burden, was conducted by a consortium of researchers led by University of Washington & representatives of Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI)’
Death due to high blood pressure and cholesterol more than doubled in India between 1990 and 2013.
Whereas those caused by outdoor pollution increased by over 60 %. Deaths caused by alcohol consumption have also increased by whopping 97% .
Researchers who contributed the study observed a significant increase in death over the past decade due to diseases associated with Life style risk factors.
In 1990, childhood under-nutrition was the topmost health risk, causing nearly 8.97 lakhs deaths in India. However, the study shows it is no longer among the top 10 health risk factors in the country. On the contrary high blood pressure, which caused over 76 lakhs deaths in 1990, was the most serious threat to the health of people, with deaths shooting up 106% by 2013.
The other major contributors to health loss in India were unsafe water sources and tobacco consumption.
Deaths due to child and maternal under-nutrition have dropped significantly since 1990, though these are still significant contribution to health loss in India.
It is remarkable, says the study co-author Lalit Dandona, Professor at PHFI, that the contribution of metabolic risk factors such as high blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol,and that of poor diet and alcohol use, to health loss has doubled in India over the past quarter of a century.